- out1 W1S1 [aut] adv▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(from inside )¦2¦(outside)¦3¦(not at home)¦4¦(distant place)¦5¦(given to many people)¦6¦(get rid of something)¦7¦(not burning/shining)¦8¦(sun/moon etc)¦9¦(flowers)¦10¦(completely/carefully)¦11¦(not included)¦12¦(come from something)¦13¦(away from the edge of something)¦14¦(not working)¦15¦(product)¦16¦(not in a situation)¦17¦(having left an institution)¦18¦(not fashionable)¦19¦(not secret)¦20 read/shout etc something out (loud)21¦(unconscious)¦22¦(none left)¦23 before the day/year etc is out24¦(not correct )¦25 be out for something/be out to do something26¦(not in power)¦27¦(on strike)¦28¦(homosexual)¦29¦(not possible)¦30¦(sea)¦31¦(sport)¦32 out with it!33¦(reason)¦34¦(made of something)¦35¦(how many of a group)¦36 out of it37 out there38 out front▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[: Old English; Origin: ut]1.) ¦(FROM INSIDE )¦from inside an object, container, building, or place▪ She opened her suitcase and took out a pair of shoes.▪ Lock the door on your way out.▪ Charlotte went to the window and looked out.▪ Out you go! (=used to order someone to leave a room)out of▪ The keys must have fallen out of my pocket.▪ Get out of here!▪ Someone had torn several pages out of her diary.▪ I don't think I'd have the courage to jump out of a plane.▪ All the roads out of the city were snowbound.out came/jumped etc▪ The egg cracked open and out came a baby chick.2.) ¦(OUTSIDE)¦not inside a building= ↑outside▪ Many of the homeless have been sleeping out for years.▪ Children were out playing in the snow.▪ Brrr, it's cold out there.3.) ¦(NOT AT HOME)¦a) away from your home, office etc, especially for a short time▪ Did anyone call while I was out?▪ My parents are both out at the moment.▪ He went out at 11 o'clock.b) to or in a place that is not your home, in order to enjoy yourself▪ You should get out and meet people.▪ Let's eat out tonight (=eat in a restaurant) .▪ At first he was too shy to ask her out.be/get out and about(=go to places where you can meet people)▪ Most teenagers would rather be out and about with their friends.4.) ¦(DISTANT PLACE)¦a) in or to a place that is far away or difficult to get to▪ He went out to New Zealand.▪ They've rented a farmhouse right out in the country.b) used to say how far away something is▪ The Astra Satellite is travelling some 23,000 miles out in space.out of▪ a little village about five miles out of Birmingham5.) ¦(GIVEN TO MANY PEOPLE)¦used to say that something is given to many people▪ The examination will start when all the question papers have been handed out.▪ Have you sent out the invitations yet?6.) ¦(GET RID OF SOMETHING)¦used to say that someone gets rid of something or makes it disappear▪ Have you thrown out yesterday's paper?▪ Mother used washing soda to get the stains out.7.) ¦(NOT BURNING/SHINING)¦a fire or light that is out is no longer burning or shining▪ Turn the lights out when you go to bed.▪ The firefighters arrived, and within minutes the fire was out.8.) ¦(SUN/MOON ETC)¦if the sun, moon, or stars are out, they have appeared in the sky▪ When the sun came out, a rainbow formed in the sky.9.) ¦(FLOWERS)¦if the flowers on a plant are out, they have opened▪ It's still February and already the primroses are out.10.)¦(COMPLETELY/CAREFULLY)¦used to say that something is done carefully or completely▪ I spent all morning cleaning out the kitchen cupboards.▪ In the summer months the soil dries out quickly.11.) ¦(NOT INCLUDED)¦not included in a team, group, competition etc▪ The Welsh team was surprisingly knocked out in the semi finals.out of▪ Daniels will be out of the team until he recovers from his injury.12.) ¦(COME FROM SOMETHING)¦used to say where something comes from or is taken fromout of▪ A lot of good music came out of the hippy culture in the 1960s.▪ The money is automatically taken out of your bank account every month.13.) ¦(AWAY FROM THE EDGE OF SOMETHING)¦away from the main part or edge of something▪ I swam out into the middle of the lake.▪ A long peninsula juts out into the sea.out of▪ She stuck her head out of the window to see what was happening.14.) ¦(NOT WORKING)¦especially AmE if a machine, piece of equipment etc is out, it is not working▪ I don't believe it - the elevator's out again!→out of order at ↑order1 (8)15.) ¦(PRODUCT)¦used to say that a product is available to be bought▪ Is the new Harry Potter book out yet?▪ Sony have brought out a new portable music system.16.) ¦(NOT IN A SITUATION)¦no longer in a particular state or situationout of▪ She's not completely cured, but at least she's out of danger.▪ This whole situation is getting out of control.▪ How long have you been out of work now?▪ Karen waved until the car was out of sight (=too far away to be seen) .17.) ¦(HAVING LEFT AN INSTITUTION)¦a) having left the institution where you wereout of▪ a kid just out of college▪ His wife isn't out of hospital yet.b) no longer in prison▪ Once he was out, he returned to a life of crime.18.) ¦(NOT FASHIONABLE)¦no longer fashionable▪ You can't wear that - maxi skirts have been out for years.19.) ¦(NOT SECRET)¦no longer a secret▪ Her secret was out.▪ The word's out that Mel Gibson is in town.▪ Eventually the truth came out.20.) read/shout etc sth out (loud)to say something in a voice that is loud enough for others to hear▪ Someone called out my name.▪ We all listened as he read the statement out loud.21.) ¦(UNCONSCIOUS)¦not conscious▪ She fainted - she was out for about ten minutes.▪ How hard did you hit him? He's out cold .22.) ¦(NONE LEFT)¦used to say that there is none of something left because you have used it all, sold it all etc▪ The album was sold out within minutes.out of▪ We're out of milk.▪ They've run out of ideas.23.) before the day/year etc is outbefore the day, year etc has ended▪ Don't cry, I'll be back before the week's out.24.) ¦(NOT CORRECT )¦if a measurement, result etc is out, it is wrong because the numbers have not been calculated correctly▪ He was out in his calculations, so there was a lot of carpet left over.▪ The bill was out by over £10.▪ Their forecast was way out .→not far off/out/wrong at ↑far1 (2)25.) be out for sth/be out to do sth informalto have a particular intention▪ Andrew's just out for a good time.▪ I was convinced he was out to cheat me.26.) ¦(NOT IN POWER)¦used to say that someone, especially a political party, no longer has power or authority▪ It's time we voted the Republicans out.out of▪ The party has been out of office for a long time.27.) ¦(ON STRIKE)¦BrE used to say that someone has stopped working as a way of protesting about something▪ The railway workers have come out in sympathy with the miners.28.) ¦(HOMOSEXUAL)¦if a ↑homosexual is out, they have told people that they are homosexual29.) ¦(NOT POSSIBLE)¦spoken if a particular suggestion or activity is out, it is not possible▪ We don't have enough money to rent a car, so that's out.30.)¦(SEA)¦when the ↑tide is out, the sea by the shore is at its lowest level▪ You can walk across the sands when the tide is out.31.) ¦(SPORT)¦▪ Sussex were all out for 365.b) a ball that is out in a game such as tennis or ↑basketball is not in the area of play32.) out with it!spoken used to tell someone to say something which they have been unwilling to say or have difficulty saying▪ OK, out with it! What really happened?33.) ¦(REASON)¦because of a particular feeling that you haveout of▪ They obeyed him out of fear rather than respect.▪ Just out of curiosity, why did you take that job?34.) ¦(MADE OF SOMETHING)¦used to say what substance or materials a particular thing is made ofout of▪ a tombstone carved out of black marble▪ toy boats made out of old tin cans35.) ¦(HOW MANY OF A GROUP)¦used to say how common something is, or how large a part of a group you are talking about9 out of 10/three out of four etc▪ Nine out of ten students pass the test first time.▪ Apparently they've lost three games out of seven already.36.) out of it informala) slightly unhappy because you feel different from the rest of a group of people and cannot share their fun, conversation etc▪ I felt a bit out of it because I was the only one who couldn't speak French.b) unable to think clearly because you are tired or drunk, or have taken drugs▪ You were really out of it last night. What were you drinking?37.) out therea) in a place that could be anywhere except here▪ My real father is out there and one day I plan to find him.b) where someone or something can be noticed by many people▪ Jerry Lewis is out there all the time raising money for disabled kids.38.) out frontespecially AmEa) in front of something, especially a building, where everyone can see you▪ There's a blue car out front.b) taking a leading position▪ As a civil rights leader, he was always out front.c) informal very honest and direct▪ Molly is very out front in talking about her mistakes.→out of your mind at ↑mind1 (24), out of the blue at ↑blue2 (4), out of luck at ↑luck1 (10), out of this world at ↑world1 (15), be out of the question at ↑question1 (9), out front at ↑front1 (8), out back at ↑back2 (2), out of sorts at ↑sort1 (10)▬▬▬▬▬▬▬word choiceout, outside, outdoors, out of doorsIf you are out , you are away from a building, especially the place where you live or spend a lot of time : Debbie's out. She'll be back later. | Why don't we go out for the day?If you are outside a room or building, you are not in it but are close to it : Meet me outside the library. | I sat on a chair outside his office. |You'll have to wait outside in the corridor.When outside is an adverb, it can also mean 'not inside any building' : It's cold outside.Outdoors or out of doors always mean 'not inside any building' : We usually spend summers outdoors. | I like weddings that are held out of doors.!! Do not confuse outdoors (with an -s) and outdoor (without an -s). Outdoors is an adverb : I like playing outdoors. Outdoor is an adjective that can only be used before a noun : outdoor activities▬▬▬▬▬▬▬out 2out2 W1S1 prepinformal especially AmE from the inside to the outside of something - many teachers of British English consider it incorrect to use 'out' as a ↑preposition▪ Karen looked out the window at the back yard.▪ Get out the car and push with the rest of us!out 3out3 v1.) [T usually passive]to publicly say that someone is ↑homosexual when that person would prefer to keep it secret▪ Several gay politicians have been outed in recent months.2.) murder/the truth etc will out!used to say that it is difficult to hide a murder, the truth etcout 4out4 n1.) [singular]an excuse to avoid doing an activity or to avoid being blamed for something▪ I'm busy on Sunday, so that gives me an out.2.)an act of making a player in baseball lose the chance to score a point3.) on the outs (with sb)AmE informal arguing or not agreeing with someone▪ Wilson is on the outs with his family because of his relationship with that woman.out 5out5 adj [not before noun]1.) no longer fashionable▪ You can't wear that - maxi skirts have been out for years.2.) especially AmE if a machine, piece of equipment etc is out, it is not working▪ I don't believe it the elevator's out again!→be out of order at ↑order1 (8)
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.