out1 W1S1 [aut] adv
1¦(from inside )¦
3¦(not at home)¦
4¦(distant place)¦
5¦(given to many people)¦
6¦(get rid of something)¦
7¦(not burning/shining)¦
8¦(sun/moon etc)¦
11¦(not included)¦
12¦(come from something)¦
13¦(away from the edge of something)¦
14¦(not working)¦
16¦(not in a situation)¦
17¦(having left an institution)¦
18¦(not fashionable)¦
19¦(not secret)¦
20 read/shout etc something out (loud)
22¦(none left)¦
23 before the day/year etc is out
24¦(not correct )¦
25 be out for something/be out to do something
26¦(not in power)¦
27¦(on strike)¦
29¦(not possible)¦
32 out with it!
34¦(made of something)¦
35¦(how many of a group)¦
36 out of it
37 out there
38 out front
[: Old English; Origin: ut]
1.) ¦(FROM INSIDE )¦
from inside an object, container, building, or place
≠ ↑in
She opened her suitcase and took out a pair of shoes.
Lock the door on your way out.
Charlotte went to the window and looked out.
Out you go! (=used to order someone to leave a room)
out of
The keys must have fallen out of my pocket.
Get out of here!
Someone had torn several pages out of her diary.
I don't think I'd have the courage to jump out of a plane.
All the roads out of the city were snowbound.
out came/jumped etc
The egg cracked open and out came a baby chick.
2.) ¦(OUTSIDE)¦
not inside a building
= ↑outside
Many of the homeless have been sleeping out for years.
Children were out playing in the snow.
Brrr, it's cold out there.
3.) ¦(NOT AT HOME)¦
a) away from your home, office etc, especially for a short time
≠ ↑in
Did anyone call while I was out?
My parents are both out at the moment.
He went out at 11 o'clock.
b) to or in a place that is not your home, in order to enjoy yourself
You should get out and meet people.
Let's eat out tonight (=eat in a restaurant) .
At first he was too shy to ask her out.
be/get out and about
(=go to places where you can meet people)
Most teenagers would rather be out and about with their friends.
a) in or to a place that is far away or difficult to get to
He went out to New Zealand.
They've rented a farmhouse right out in the country.
b) used to say how far away something is
The Astra Satellite is travelling some 23,000 miles out in space.
out of
a little village about five miles out of Birmingham
used to say that something is given to many people
The examination will start when all the question papers have been handed out.
Have you sent out the invitations yet?
used to say that someone gets rid of something or makes it disappear
Have you thrown out yesterday's paper?
Mother used washing soda to get the stains out.
a fire or light that is out is no longer burning or shining
Turn the lights out when you go to bed.
The firefighters arrived, and within minutes the fire was out.
8.) ¦(SUN/MOON ETC)¦
if the sun, moon, or stars are out, they have appeared in the sky
When the sun came out, a rainbow formed in the sky.
9.) ¦(FLOWERS)¦
if the flowers on a plant are out, they have opened
It's still February and already the primroses are out.
used to say that something is done carefully or completely
I spent all morning cleaning out the kitchen cupboards.
In the summer months the soil dries out quickly.
not included in a team, group, competition etc
The Welsh team was surprisingly knocked out in the semi finals.
out of
Daniels will be out of the team until he recovers from his injury.
used to say where something comes from or is taken from
out of
A lot of good music came out of the hippy culture in the 1960s.
The money is automatically taken out of your bank account every month.
away from the main part or edge of something
I swam out into the middle of the lake.
A long peninsula juts out into the sea.
out of
She stuck her head out of the window to see what was happening.
14.) ¦(NOT WORKING)¦
especially AmE if a machine, piece of equipment etc is out, it is not working
I don't believe it - the elevator's out again!
out of order atorder1 (8)
15.) ¦(PRODUCT)¦
used to say that a product is available to be bought
Is the new Harry Potter book out yet?
Sony have brought out a new portable music system.
no longer in a particular state or situation
out of
She's not completely cured, but at least she's out of danger.
This whole situation is getting out of control.
How long have you been out of work now?
Karen waved until the car was out of sight (=too far away to be seen) .
a) having left the institution where you were
out of
a kid just out of college
His wife isn't out of hospital yet.
b) no longer in prison
Once he was out, he returned to a life of crime.
no longer fashionable
≠ ↑in
You can't wear that - maxi skirts have been out for years.
19.) ¦(NOT SECRET)¦
no longer a secret
Her secret was out.
The word's out that Mel Gibson is in town.
Eventually the truth came out.
20.) read/shout etc sth out (loud)
to say something in a voice that is loud enough for others to hear
Someone called out my name.
We all listened as he read the statement out loud.
not conscious
She fainted - she was out for about ten minutes.
How hard did you hit him? He's out cold .
22.) ¦(NONE LEFT)¦
used to say that there is none of something left because you have used it all, sold it all etc
The album was sold out within minutes.
out of
We're out of milk.
They've run out of ideas.
23.) before the day/year etc is out
before the day, year etc has ended
Don't cry, I'll be back before the week's out.
24.) ¦(NOT CORRECT )¦
if a measurement, result etc is out, it is wrong because the numbers have not been calculated correctly
He was out in his calculations, so there was a lot of carpet left over.
The bill was out by over £10.
Their forecast was way out .
not far off/out/wrong atfar1 (2)
25.) be out for sth/be out to do sth informal
to have a particular intention
Andrew's just out for a good time.
I was convinced he was out to cheat me.
26.) ¦(NOT IN POWER)¦
used to say that someone, especially a political party, no longer has power or authority
≠ ↑in
It's time we voted the Republicans out.
out of
The party has been out of office for a long time.
27.) ¦(ON STRIKE)¦
BrE used to say that someone has stopped working as a way of protesting about something
The railway workers have come out in sympathy with the miners.
if a ↑homosexual is out, they have told people that they are homosexual
spoken if a particular suggestion or activity is out, it is not possible
We don't have enough money to rent a car, so that's out.
when the ↑tide is out, the sea by the shore is at its lowest level
≠ ↑in
You can walk across the sands when the tide is out.
31.) ¦(SPORT)¦
a) a player or team that is out in a game such as ↑cricket or baseball is no longer allowed to ↑bat
Sussex were all out for 365.
b) a ball that is out in a game such as tennis or ↑basketball is not in the area of play
≠ ↑in
32.) out with it!
spoken used to tell someone to say something which they have been unwilling to say or have difficulty saying
OK, out with it! What really happened?
33.) ¦(REASON)¦
because of a particular feeling that you have
out of
They obeyed him out of fear rather than respect.
Just out of curiosity, why did you take that job?
used to say what substance or materials a particular thing is made of
out of
a tombstone carved out of black marble
toy boats made out of old tin cans
used to say how common something is, or how large a part of a group you are talking about
9 out of 10/three out of four etc
Nine out of ten students pass the test first time.
Apparently they've lost three games out of seven already.
36.) out of it informal
a) slightly unhappy because you feel different from the rest of a group of people and cannot share their fun, conversation etc
I felt a bit out of it because I was the only one who couldn't speak French.
b) unable to think clearly because you are tired or drunk, or have taken drugs
You were really out of it last night. What were you drinking?
37.) out there
a) in a place that could be anywhere except here
My real father is out there and one day I plan to find him.
b) where someone or something can be noticed by many people
Jerry Lewis is out there all the time raising money for disabled kids.
38.) out frontespecially AmE
a) in front of something, especially a building, where everyone can see you
There's a blue car out front.
b) taking a leading position
As a civil rights leader, he was always out front.
c) informal very honest and direct
Molly is very out front in talking about her mistakes.
out of your mind atmind1 (24), out of the blue atblue2 (4), out of luck atluck1 (10), out of this world atworld1 (15), be out of the question atquestion1 (9), out front atfront1 (8), out back atback2 (2), out of sorts atsort1 (10)
word choiceout, outside, outdoors, out of doors
If you are out , you are away from a building, especially the place where you live or spend a lot of time : Debbie's out. She'll be back later. | Why don't we go out for the day?
If you are outside a room or building, you are not in it but are close to it : Meet me outside the library. | I sat on a chair outside his office. |You'll have to wait outside in the corridor.
When outside is an adverb, it can also mean 'not inside any building' : It's cold outside.
Outdoors or out of doors always mean 'not inside any building' : We usually spend summers outdoors. | I like weddings that are held out of doors.
!! Do not confuse outdoors (with an -s) and outdoor (without an -s). Outdoors is an adverb : I like playing outdoors. Outdoor is an adjective that can only be used before a noun : outdoor activities
out 2
out2 W1S1 prep
informal especially AmE from the inside to the outside of something - many teachers of British English consider it incorrect to use 'out' as a ↑preposition
Karen looked out the window at the back yard.
Get out the car and push with the rest of us!
out 3
out3 v
1.) [T usually passive]
to publicly say that someone is ↑homosexual when that person would prefer to keep it secret
Several gay politicians have been outed in recent months.
2.) murder/the truth etc will out!
used to say that it is difficult to hide a murder, the truth etc
out 4
out4 n
1.) [singular]
an excuse to avoid doing an activity or to avoid being blamed for something
I'm busy on Sunday, so that gives me an out.
an act of making a player in baseball lose the chance to score a point
3.) on the outs (with sb)
AmE informal arguing or not agreeing with someone
Wilson is on the outs with his family because of his relationship with that woman.
out 5
out5 adj [not before noun]
1.) no longer fashionable
≠ ↑in
You can't wear that - maxi skirts have been out for years.
2.) especially AmE if a machine, piece of equipment etc is out, it is not working
I don't believe it the elevator's out again!
be out of order atorder1 (8)

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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